HELPING THE BODY FIGHT BACK - TREATMENTS FOR HIV
There are more than 20 different HIV medications. They can be classed into four different types. Each type works in a different way, but they all work at stopping HIV from making more copies of itself.
HAART - Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
HAART is the most commonly used method of treatment today. It is the most effective at fighting hard against the HIV virus. It does this by getting your viral load (measure of HIV in your body) down and keep it down. HAART involves a combination of medications. You and your doctor will work together to choose the right mix of medications that will work best for you.
Fusion Inhibitors (FIs)
These medications try to stop the HIV virus in the "attack" stage of its life and make it hard for the virus to attach itself to healthy T cells.
Nonnucleoside Reverse Travsciptase Inhibitors (NNRTIs or nonnukes)
Like nukes, nonnukes work during the battling stage of HIV taking over your T cells. They force the virus to make mistakes so it can't make copies to invade new T cells.
Protease Inhibitors (PIs)
Protease Inhibitors work in the "HIV copying" stage. They block the final construction of the new viruses.