June 8, 2011

June 8, 2011
30 Years of HIV and AIDS


Welcome to another day in my life. Today is Wednesday and we have almost made it through the middle of another work week. It is another busy day for Dab the AIDS Bear while doing the AIDS Life Cycle in California.

This past Sunday, we recognized the 30th year of HIV. But what is the time of HIV?

United States

1981

· CDC renames Kaposi’s sarcoma GRID (Gay-Related Immune Deficiency).

1982

· CDC links GRID to blood.
· GRID is now called AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).

1983

· Researchers at the Pasteur Institute in France isolate the virus that causes AIDS.
· The CDC determines that AIDS is a reportable disease.

1984

· “Patient 0”, a Canadian flight attendant, dies. This person is believed to have introduced the general population to HIV.

1985

· Actor Rock Hudson dies of AIDS.
· In Indiana, Ryan White is expelled from school after he is diagnosed with AIDS.
· 1st international conference on HIV/AIDS is held in Atlanta, GA.
· FDA approves the 1st antibody test for HIV.

1986

· Approximately 16,000 deaths since AIDS was indentified in the US
· US Surgeon General Everett Kopp publishes a report about AIDS.

1987

· The FDA approves Retrovir (AZT). AZT is the 1st AIDS treatment.
· President Reagan calls HIV/AIDS “public enemy number one”.

1988

· Discrimination against federal workers is banned in the US.
· The federal government mails Surgeon General Kopp’s booklet “Understanding AIDS” to 107 million Americans.

1989

· Burroughs Wellcome lowered the price of AZT by 20% after protests.
· FDA approves AZT for children.

1990

· Ryan White dies of AIDS at age 19.
· Congress passes the Ryan White CARE Act, which provides federal funds for the care of people living with AIDS.
· 1 million Americans living with HIV/AIDS.


1991

· FDA approved Videx.
· Magic Johnson announces he has HIV.

1992

· FDA approved Hivid.
· 1st drugs to be used in combination with AZT approved by the FDA.

1993

· The CDC expands the case definition of AIDS.
· AZT resistance detected.

1994

· FDA approved Zerit.
· FDA approved OraSure saliva HIV test.
· Clinical trials show that AZT reduces transmission of HIV/AIDS from mother to baby in pregnant women.

1995

· FDA approved the drugs Invirase and Epivir.

1996

· The beginning of the HAART (Highly Active Antiretroviral Treatment) era.
· FDA approved the drugs Viramune, Norvir, and Crixivan.

1997

· CDC reports that annual deaths from AIDS have dropped since the 1980s.
· FDA approved the drugs Combivir, Rescriptor, and Viracept.
· FDA approved the drugs Viracept and Norivir for use in children.

1998

· 1st human trials for an AIDS vaccine begin.
· FDA approved the drugs Ziagen, Sustiva, and Stocrin.
· Congressional Black Caucus helps CDC identify funding opportunities to address racial disparities in HIV/AIDS.

1999

· Researchers conclude that HIV originated from chimpanzees.
· FDA approved Amprenavir.

2000

· Scientists around the world sign the Durban Declaration that confirms that HIV causes AIDS.
· 1st US envoy on AIDS is Sandy Thurman.
· FDA approved the drugs Trizivir, Kaletra, and Aluvia.
· HIV called a security threat at the UN Security Council meeting.

2001

· FDA approved Viread.
· 31 million people living with AIDS worldwide.


2002

· FDA approved OraQuick, rapid testing for HIV.

2003

· FDA approved the drugs Emtriva, Reyataz, Lexiva, and Telzir.
· President Bush announced the Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PREPFAR).

2004

· FDA approved the drugs Epzicom and Truvada.
· 1st installment of the PREPFAR distributed.

2005

· Approximately 1.1 million people living with HIV.
· FDA grants 1st tentative approval of HIV drug therapies for use by PEPFAR.

2006

· FDA approved 1st once a day treatment called Atripla.
· CDC revised recommendations for HIV testing; recommends routine HIV screening for all persons ages 13 - 64.
· 1st annual national Women and Girls HIV/AIDS Awareness Day.

2007

· Approximately 33 million people living with AIDS worldwide.

2008

· The 20th anniversary of World AIDS Day on December 1st.

2009

· 1st National AIDS Strategy established.

2010

· Strategic plan for an AIDS vaccine developed by The Council of the Global HIV Vaccine Enterprise.
· 5.2 million people worldwide living with AIDS according to the World Health Organization (WHO)

Now you know the rest of the story. Until we meet again; here's wishing you health, hope, happiness and just enough.

big bear hug,



Daddy Dab