WOMEN AND HIV PART 2

WOMEN AND HIV PART 2

STATISTICS

HIV/AIDS in 2005 (The following bullets, except for the last one, are based on data from 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.*)

* HIV/AIDS was diagnosed for an estimated 9,708 women.

* High-risk heterosexual contact was the source of 80% of these newly diagnosed infections.

* Women accounted for 26% of the estimated 37,163 diagnoses for adults and adolescents.

* Of the 126,964 women living with HIV/AIDS, 64% were black, 19% were white, 15% were Hispanic, 1% were Asian or Pacific Islander, and less than 1% were American Indian or Alaska Native.

* The estimated number of HIV/AIDS in female adults or adolescents decreased from 11,941 in 2001 to 9,708 in 2005.

* According to a recent CDC study of more than 19,500 patients with HIV in 10 US cities, women were slightly less likely than men to receive prescriptions for the most effective treatments for HIV infection.

Sex of adults and adolescents with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005:

No. = 37,163 Males: 74% Females: 26%

Note. Based on data from 33 states with long-term, confidential name-based HIV reporting.

Transmission categories and race/ethnicity of women living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2005:

African American No.: 81,349 Heterosexual contact: 74% Injection drug use: 24% Other: 2%

White No.: 24,298 Heterosexual contact: 65% Injection drug use: 33% Other: 2%

Hispanic No.: 19,211 Heterosexual contact: 70% Injection drug use: 29% Other: 2%

Asian/Pacific Islander No.: 652 Heterosexual contact: 80% Injection drug use: 16% Other: 3%

American Indian/Alaska Native No.: 558 Heterosexual contact: 68% Injection drug use: 29% Other: 2%

AIDS in 2005

* Of 40,608 AIDS diagnoses in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, 10,774 (26%) were for women.

* The rate of AIDS diagnosis for black women (45.5/100,000 women) was approximately 23 times the rate for white women (2.0/100,000) and 4 times the rate for Hispanic women (11.2/100,000).

* An estimated 95,959 women were living with AIDS, representing 23% of the estimated 421,873 people living with AIDS in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

* An estimated 4,128 women with AIDS died, representing 25% of the 16,316 persons with AIDS who died in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

* From the beginning of the epidemic (1981) through 2005, women accounted for 181,802 diagnoses, a number that represents 19% of the 952,629 AIDS diagnoses in the 50 states and the District of Columbia during this period.

* From the beginning of the epidemic through 2005, an estimated 85,844 women with AIDS died, accounting for 16% of the 530,756 persons with AIDS who died in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

* Women with AIDS made up an increasing part of the epidemic. In 1992, women accounted for an estimated 14% of adults and adolescents living with AIDS in the 50 states and the District of Columbia. By the end of 2005, this proportion had grown to 23%.

* Data from the 2005 census show that together, black and Hispanic women represent 24% of all US women. However, women in these 2 groups accounted for 82% (8,807/10,774) of the estimated total of AIDS diagnoses for women in 2005.

Race/ethnicity of women with HIV/AIDS diagnosed during 2005:

No. = 9,708 African American: 66% White: 17% Hispanic: 14% Asian/Pacific Islander: 1% Unknown/multiple races: 1% American Indian/Alaska Native: <1%

RISK FACTORS AND BARRIERS TO PREVENTION

Younger Age

For women of all races and ethnicities, the largest number of HIV/AIDS diagnoses during recent years was for women aged 1539. From 2001 through 2004, the number of HIV/AIDS diagnoses for women aged 1539 decreased for white, black, and Hispanic women. There was an increase in the number of HIV/AIDS diagnoses during this period for Asian and Pacific Islander women and for American Indian and Alaska Native women aged 1539.

Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS in females aged 15-39 years 2001 - 2004:

No. (%)* No. (%)* White 1,218 (63) 996 (56) Black 5,229 (62) 4,091 (58) Hispanic 1,192 (60) 819 (57) Asian/Pac.Isl. 31 (55) 62 (66) American Indian/ 23 (52) 39 (68) Alaska Native

* Percent (%) of women age 15-39 in corresponding sub-group.